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Improved tracking of maneuvering targets: The use of turn-rate distributions for acceleration modeling

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1 Author(s)
J. P. Helferty ; Appl. Res. Lab., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA

Tactically maneuvering targets are difficult to track since acceleration cannot be observed directly and the accelerations are induced by human control or an autonomous guidance system therefore they are not subject to deterministic models. A common tracking system is the two-state Kalman filter with a Singer maneuver model where the second-order statistics of acceleration is the same as a first-order Markov process. The Singer model assumes a uniform probability distribution on the targets acceleration which is independent of the x and y direction. In practice, it is expected that targets have constant forward speed and an acceleration vector normal to the velocity vector, a condition not present in the Singer model. The work of Singer is extended by presenting a maneuver model which assumes constant forward speed and a probability distribution on the targets turn-rate. Details of the model are presented along with sample simulation results

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 4 )