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Efficient solution and performance analysis of 3-D position estimation by trilateration

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1 Author(s)
Manolakis, D.E. ; Hellenic Air Force Acad., Athens, Greece

A new exact, explicit, and computationally efficient solution for three-dimensional (3-D) position estimation based on range measurements from three stations is proposed. The simple polynomial-type form of the new algorithm facilitates the performance analysis. Formulae are provided for both the variance and the bias of the position estimates. The systematic error is a joint effect of both the measurement noise and the system nonlinearity and its magnitude cannot be ignored if highly accurate localization is required. Performance evaluation results are presented for various conditions

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 4 )