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Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides

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12 Author(s)
Karle, T.J. ; Laboratoire de Photonique et de Nanostructures, CNRS UPR20, 91460 Marcoussis, France ; Halioua, Y. ; Raineri, F. ; Monnier, P.
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The integration of two-dimensional III-V InP-based photonic crystal and silicon wire waveguides is achieved through an accurate alignment of the two optical levels using mix-and-match deep ultraviolet (DUV)/electron beam lithography. The adhesively bonded structures exhibit an enhancement of light emission at frequencies where low group velocity modes of the photonic crystal line defect waveguides occur. Pulsed laser operation is obtained from these modes at room temperature under optical pumping. The laser light is coupled out of the Si waveguide via grating couplers directly to single mode fiber.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:107 ,  Issue: 6 )