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A semiempirical model for interpreting microwave emission from semiarid land surfaces as seen from space

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2 Author(s)
Y. H. Kerr ; Lab. d'Etudes et de Recherches en Teledetection Spatiale, Toulouse, France ; E. G. Njoku

A radiative transfer model for simulating microwave brightness temperatures over land surfaces is described. The model takes into account sensor viewing conditions (spacecraft altitude, viewing angle, frequency, polarization) and atmospheric parameters over a soil surface characterized by its moisture, roughness, and temperature and covered with a layer of vegetation characterized by its temperature, water content, single scattering albedo, structure and percent coverage. In order to reduce the influence of atmospheric and surface temperature effects, the brightness temperatures are expressed as polarization ratios that depend primarily on the soil moisture and roughness, canopy water content, and percentage of cover. The approach used is described, and the sensitivity of the polarization ratio to these parameters is investigated. Simulation of the temporal evolution of the microwave signal over semiarid areas in the African Sahel is presented and compared to actual satellite data from the SMMR instrument on Nimbus-7

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 3 )