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Audio compression at low bit rates using a signal adaptive switched filterbank

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2 Author(s)
Sinha, D. ; AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Johnston, J.D.

A perceptual audio coder typically consists of a filter-bank which breaks the signal into its frequency components. These components are then quantized using a perceptual masking model. Previous efforts have indicated that a high resolution filter-bank, e.g., the modified discrete cosine transform (MDCT) with 1024 subbands, is able to minimize the bit rate requirements for most of the music samples. The high resolution MDCT, however, is not suitable for the encoding of non-stationary segments of music. A long/short resolution or “window” switching scheme has been employed to overcome this problem but it has certain inherent disadvantages which become prominent at lower bit rates (<64 kbps for stereo). We propose a novel switched filter-bank scheme which switches between a MDCT and a wavelet filter-bank based on the signal characteristics. A tree structured wavelet filter-bank with properly designed filters offers natural advantages for the representation of non-stationary segments such as attacks. Furthermore, it allows for the optimum exploitation of perceptual irrelevancies

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 1996. ICASSP-96. Conference Proceedings., 1996 IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:2 )

Date of Conference:

7-10 May 1996