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High temperature superconducting (HTS) power cable is an effective power transmission utility with large capacity, high efficiency, and low loss, especially in DC power transmission. This paper describes the design of a 380 m HTS power cable with rated current of 10 kA for an aluminum electrolysis enterprise. The power cable connects the rectifier at a substation at one end with the bus bar of an aluminum electrolysis plant at the other end at Henan Zhongfu Industrial Co. LTD. The power cable will be energized in late of 2010. The design of the cable conductor, cryogenic envelope, termination, refrigeration, and online monitoring system of the 380 m HTS power cable are discussed in this paper.