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F-TIMER: Fast Tensor Image Morphing for Elastic Registration

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5 Author(s)
Pew-Thian Yap ; Dept. of Radiol., Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA ; Guorong Wu ; Hongtu Zhu ; Weili Lin
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We propose a novel diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) registration algorithm, called fast tensor image morphing for elastic registration (F-TIMER). F-TIMER leverages multiscale tensor regional distributions and local boundaries for hierarchically driving deformable matching of tensor image volumes. Registration is achieved by utilizing a set of automatically determined structural landmarks, via solving a soft correspondence problem. Based on the estimated correspondences, thin-plate splines are employed to generate a smooth, topology preserving, and dense transformation, and to avoid arbitrary mapping of nonlandmark voxels. To mitigate the problem of local minima, which is common in the estimation of high dimensional transformations, we employ a hierarchical strategy where a small subset of voxels with more distinctive attribute vectors are first deployed as landmarks to estimate a relatively robust low-degrees-of-freedom transformation. As the registration progresses, an increasing number of voxels are permitted to participate in refining the correspondence matching. A scheme as such allows less conservative progression of the correspondence matching towards the optimal solution, and hence results in a faster matching speed. Compared with its predecessor TIMER, which has been shown to outperform state-of-the-art algorithms, experimental results indicate that F-TIMER is capable of achieving comparable accuracy at only a fraction of the computation cost.

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 5 )