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A New Optical-CT Apparatus for 3-D Radiotherapy Dosimetry: Is Free Space Scanning Feasible?

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5 Author(s)
Papadakis, A.E. ; Dept. of Med. Phys., Univ. Hosp. of Heraklion, Heraklion, Greece ; Zacharakis, G. ; Maris, T.G. ; Ripoll, Jorge
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In this paper, we present a new optical computed tomography (Optical-CT) scanner for the verification of the radiation dose schemes delivered in modern radiotherapy applications. The optical-CT scanner is capable of providing rapid relative 3-D dosimetry with high spatial resolution with the use of normoxic N-Vinylpyrrolidone based polymer gel dosimeter. The scanner employs a diffuse uncollimated light illumination beam, a computer controlled motorized rotation stage and a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. Various test experiments were performed to determine the performance characteristics of the optical-CT apparatus. Attenuation coefficient (?? ) versus dose calibration data were generated from two calibration experiments using gel containers of two different diameters. All irradiations were performed using a 6 MV linear accelerator. A comparison of the reconstructed images between optical-CT scans using refractive index (RI) matching fluid and corresponding scans performed in free space was demonstrated. The dose readout of a test irradiation model was found to be in good agreement with independent readout performed by MR imaging. The findings presented in this study suggest that polymer dosimeters combined with the new optical-CT scanner constitute a potentially feasible method capable of measuring complex 3-D dose distributions with high resolution and in a wide dose range.

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 5 )