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Broadcast transmission is an effective way to disseminate safety-related information for cooperative driving in intervehicle communication (IVC). However, it is fraught with fundamental challenges such as message redundancy, link unreliability, hidden terminals, and broadcast storms, which greatly degrade network performance. In this paper, we introduce a cross-layer approach to design an efficient and reliable broadcast protocol for emergency message dissemination in IVC systems. We first propose a novel composite relaying metric for relay selection by jointly considering geographical locations, physical-layer channel conditions, and moving velocities of vehicles. Based on the relaying metric, a distributed relay-selection scheme is proposed to assure that a unique relay is selected to reliably forward the emergency message in the desired propagation direction. We further apply IEEE 802.11e enhanced distributed coordination access (EDCA) medium-access control (MAC) to guarantee quality-of-service (QoS) provisioning to safety-related services. In addition, an analytical model is developed to study the performance of the proposed cross-layer broadcast protocol (CLBP) in terms of the relay-selection delay and the emergency message access delay. Network Simulator (NS-2) simulation results are given to validate our analysis. It is shown that the CLBP not only can minimize the broadcast message redundancy but can quickly and reliably deliver emergency messages in IVC as well.
Date of Publication: Jun 2010