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Temperature-Dependable Microwave Dielectric Model for an Arctic Soil

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3 Author(s)
Mironov, V.L. ; Kirensky Inst. of Phys., Russian Acad. of Sci., Krasnoyarsk, Russia ; De Roo, R.D. ; Savin, I.V.

Dielectric measurements of an organic-rich permafrost soil over the range from 1.0 to 16 GHz and from -30??C to +25??C are presented. The measured shrub soil contains up to 90% organic matter and is the first soil of this composition for which the soil dielectric has been characterized. The measurements were fitted to the generalized refractive mixing dielectric model (GRMDM) recently proposed by Mironov et al., which combines the complex refractive indexes for the major components of the soil. These components were found to be the solid content, bound water, transient bound water, liquid capillary water, and moistened ice water. The dielectric properties of the frequency-dispersive components are each described by their own Debye relaxation spectrum. The GRMDM has been modified to incorporate the temperature dependence of the Debye parameters. The phase transformation of the soil water components at the freezing temperature is taken into account. As a result, a temperature-dependable GRMDM (TD GRMDM) has been developed, including model parameters which have a physical interpretation. This TD GRMDM predicts the dielectric for this soil in the whole range of moistures, frequencies, and temperatures measured. The model prediction errors are on the same order as that of dielectric measurements. The model proposed is the first of its kind to provide a physical basis for radar and radiothermal remote sensing algorithms that retrieve the freeze/thaw state and the volumetric moisture in the upper layer of an Arctic soil.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 6 )