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Switchable Quad-Band Antennas for Cognitive Radio Base Station Applications

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8 Author(s)
Wu, T. ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; Rong Lin Li ; Soon Young Eom ; Seong Sik Myoung
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A novel antenna configuration for quad-band operation is presented. The quad-band antenna has a directional radiation pattern in four frequency bands, i.e., B1 (800-900 MHz), B2 (1.7-2.5 GHz), B3 (3.3-3.6 GHz), and B4 (5.1-5.9 GHz), covering all spectrums for existing wireless applications, such as GSM, PCS, WCDMA, WiFi, and WiMax. The operating frequency of the quad-band antenna can be adjusted by the use of a MEMS switch, making it suitable for cognitive radio applications. First a switchable quad-band antenna element is introduced. Then a two-element antenna array is developed to increase the antenna gain for base station applications featuring a gain value of about 9-11 dBi over all four frequency bands.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 5 )