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Conversion of stability of femtosecond mode-locked laser to optical cavity length

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5 Author(s)
Smid, R. ; Inst. of Sci. Instrum., Acad. of Sci. of the Czech Republic, Brno, Czech Republic ; Cip, O. ; Cizek, M. ; Mikel, B.
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In this contribution we propose a scheme for a generation of precise displacements through conversion of relative stability of components of a femtosecond laser into the length of a Fabry-Perot cavity. The spacing of mirrors of a Fabry-Perot interferometer represents a mechanical length standard referenced to stable optical frequency of a femtosecond mode-locked laser. With the help of a highly selective optical filter, it is possible to get only a few discrete spectral components. By tuning and locking the Fabry-Perot cavity to a selected single component it is possible to get a mechanical length standard with the uncertainty of the repetition frequency of the femtosecond laser. To verify the method, an auxiliary single-frequency laser is locked to the resonance mode of the cavity and simultaneously it is optically mixed with an independent optical frequency standard He-Ne-I2. The stability of the beat-frequency between these 2 lasers represents the stability of the Fabry-Perot cavity length. The stability recording evaluated through Allan variances for one hour of operation is presented. The pilot experimental setup is able to generate the length standard in the order of 0.01 nm for 20 min of integration time.

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 3 )