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For orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) communication systems, the orthogonality among subcarriers is lost in mobile radio channels due to the frequency offsets caused by mobility. As a direct result, intercarrier interference (ICI) is observed on each and every subcarrier, leading to significant performance degradation. Many ICI cancellation methods such as windowing and frequency domain coding have been proposed in the literature to cancel ICI and improve the BER performance of OFDM in mobile channel. However, the performance improvement achieved by all the existing ICI cancellation methods is far from enough: the BER performance after ICI cancellation is still much worse than the BER performance of original OFDM without ICI. Moreover, popular ICI cancellation methods like ICI self-cancellation reduce ICI at the price of lowering the transmission rate and reducing the bandwidth efficiency. Other frequency-domain coding methods do not reduce the data rate, but produce less reduction in ICI as well. In this paper, we propose a novel ICI cancellation scheme which can eliminate the ICI entirely and offer a OFDM mobile system with the same BER performance of a OFDM system without ICI. More importantly, the proposed ICI cancellation scheme, namely Total ICI cancellation, does not lower the transmission rate or reduce the bandwidth efficiency. Specifically, the total ICI cancellation scheme takes advantage of the orthogonality of the ICI matrix and offers perfect ICI cancellation and significant BER improvement at linearly growing cost. Simulation results in AWGN channel and multi-path fading channel confirm the superb performance of the proposed total ICI cancellation scheme in the presence of frequency offset or time variations in the channel, outperforming all the existing ICI cancellation methods.
Date of Conference: 9-12 Jan. 2010