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Reduction of forward scattering from cylindrical objects using hard surfaces

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3 Author(s)
Kildal, P.-S. ; Dept. of Microwave Technol., Chalmers Univ. of Technol., Goteborg, Sweden ; Kishk, A.A. ; Tengs, A.

We discuss how forward scattering can he characterized in terms of an equivalent blockage width, and a relation between this and the bistatic scattering width is derived. Then, we show how cylinders such as struts and masts can be constructed to reduce their blockage widths. Thereby, when the cylinders are mounted in front of an antenna, the sidelobes and losses caused by the blockage will be reduced. For thin metal cylinders the blockage width reduction is obtained by giving its cross section an oblong shape and, in addition (for the TM case), by coating the outer metal surface with dielectric material to obtain a hard boundary condition. For thick cylinders, the reduced scattering is obtained by designing them as dielectric-filled parallel plate waveguides with the outer surfaces of the plates coated in the same way as for the thin struts. Dual-polarized performance is obtained in both cases by strip loading the outer surfaces. The performance of both the thin and the thick struts have limited frequency bandwidth. Both computed and measured results are presented; the computations being done with the moment method. The designs are based on the concept of soft and hard surfaces in electromagnetics, and the results can be regarded as a proof of the existence of hard surfaces for electromagnetic waves. The study considers reduction of forward scattering which also will give a reduction of the total integrated power of the scattered field over all directions-even backward

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 11 )