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Study of different realizations and calculation models for soft surfaces by using a vertical monopole on a soft disk as a test bed

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3 Author(s)
Zhinong Ying ; Dept. of Microwave Technol., Chalmers Univ. of Technol., Goteborg, Sweden ; Kildal, P.-S. ; Kishk, A.A.

We study a vertical monopole on a circular metallic disk which is loaded in different ways to provide a soft boundary condition, e.g., by transverse corrugations or by dielectric or lossy material coatings. The different realizations are calculated by the uniform geometrical theory of diffraction (UTD), the incremental theory of diffraction, the moment method (MM) with an impedance boundary model, and MM using equivalent currents on all material interfaces. The calculated results are compared with measured results for specific geometries. Some general characteristics of the different realizations of the soft surfaces are extracted from the results. It is verified that the artificially soft boundary condition can be realized by different surface loadings. In particular, a nearly soft boundary condition can be realized over a large bandwidth by coating a conductor with a thin layer of lossy magnetic material. It is found that the surface impedance model works very well for modeling corrugations. It may also work for material coated surfaces provided the surface wave is prohibited from radiating. The bandwidth of the different soft surfaces are given, including corrugations with different cross-sectional shapes

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 11 )