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Context-Dependent Multisensor Fusion and Its Application to Land Mine Detection

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3 Author(s)
Hichem Frigui ; Computer Engineering and Computer Science (CECS) Department, University of Louisville, Louisville , KY, USA ; Lijun Zhang ; Paul D. Gader

We present a novel method for fusing the results of multiple land mine detection algorithms which use different sensors, features, and different classification methods. The proposed multisensor/multialgorithm fusion method, which is called context-dependent fusion (CDF), is motivated by the fact that the relative performance of different sensors and algorithms can vary significantly depending on the mine type, geographical site, soil and weather conditions, and burial depth. CDF is a local approach that adapts the fusion method to different regions of the feature space. The training part of CDF has two components: context extraction and algorithm fusion. In context extraction, the features used by the different algorithms are combined and used to partition the feature space into groups of similar signatures, or contexts. The algorithm fusion component assigns a degree of worthiness to each detector in each context based on its relative performance within the context. To test a new alarm using CDF, each detection algorithm extracts its set of features and assigns a confidence value. Then, the features are used to identify the best context, and the degrees of worthiness of this context are used to fuse the individual confidence values. Results on large and diverse ground-penetrating radar and wideband electromagnetic data collections show that the proposed method can identify meaningful and coherent clusters and that different expert algorithms can be identified for the different contexts. Typically, the contexts correspond to groups of alarm signatures that share a subset of common features. Our extensive experiments have also indicated that CDF outperforms all individual detectors and the global fusion that uses the same method to assign aggregation weights.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 6 )