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Architecture Design and Implementation of the Metric First List Sphere Detector Algorithm

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3 Author(s)
Myllyla, M. ; Centre for Wireless Commun., Univ. of Oulu, Oulu, Finland ; Cavallaro, J.R. ; Juntti, M.

Soft-output detection of a multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) signal pose a significant challenge in future wireless systems. In this paper, we introduce a soft-output modified metric first (MMF)-LSD algorithm for MIMO detection. We design a scalable architecture and address a method to decrease memory requirements. We provide implementation results for a spatial multiplexing (SM) system with four transmitted streams and with 16- and 64-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) on a 0.18-μ m CMOS application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) technology. The MFF-LSD implementation is more efficient than the depth first (DF)-LSD in the crucial low signal-to-noise rate (SNR) region and the detection rate of the 64-QAM implementation is 39.2 Mbps@26 db with 48.2 kGEs complexity.

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Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 5 )