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Using HF surface wave radar and the ship Automatic Identification System (AIS) to monitor coastal vessels

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3 Author(s)
John F. Vesecky ; Electrical Engineering Dept., University of California at Santa Cruz, 1156 High St., Santa Cruz CA 95064 USA ; Kenneth E. Laws ; Jeffery D. Paduan

We compare the ship detection capabilities of the automatic identification system AIS (installed on some ships) and coastal, surface wave HF radars, showing how to use both systems together to enhance ship detection performance in coastal regions. Practical reasons to want better real-time awareness of the location, velocity and type of vessels along coasts include vessel safety, protection of the coastal environment and national security. Our model for the HF radar aspect uses an example radar with significant power and aperture, similar to the Pisces radar. The AIS model is for the high power (12.5 W) AIS unit and a significantly elevated receiver (~ 250 ft asl). The HF system show good capability to ranges of ~ 150 km for small ships to 250 km for large ships. The AIS system shows excellent capability out to a typical horizon of ~ 50 km with irregular coverage beyond using ducted propagation to several hundred km and more. Use of both systems allows monitoring of both AIS and non-AIS equipped ships and enhances probability of detection for situations where both systems are functional.

Published in:

2009 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

12-17 July 2009