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Cascaded DC–DC Converter Photovoltaic Systems: Power Optimization Issues

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5 Author(s)
Antoneta Iuliana Bratcu ; Grenoble Electrical Engineering Laboratory (G2ELab), Grenoble National Institute of Technology, Grenoble, France ; Iulian Munteanu ; Seddik Bacha ; Damien Picault
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This paper investigates the issues of ensuring global power optimization for cascaded dc-dc converter architectures of photovoltaic (PV) generators irrespective of the irradiance conditions. The global optimum of such connections of PV modules is generally equivalent with performing the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) on all the modules. The most important disturbance occurs when the irradiance levels of modules happen to be sensibly different from a module to another - in this case, voltage-limitation requirements may be broken. The proposed supervisory algorithm then attempts to establish the best suboptimal power regime. Validation has been achieved by MATLAB/Simulink numerical simulation in the case of a single-phase grid-connected PV system, where individual MPPTs have been implemented by an extremum-seeking control, a robust and less-knowledge-demanding perturb-and-observe method.

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IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 2 )