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Experimental Characterization and Modeling of Outdoor-to-Indoor and Indoor-to-Indoor Distributed Channels

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6 Author(s)
Claude Oestges ; Electrical Engineering Department, Institute for Information and Communication Technologies, Electronics and Applied Mathematics (ICTEAM), Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium ; Nicolai Czink ; Bernd Bandemer ; Paolo Castiglione
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We propose and parameterize an empirical model of the outdoor-to-indoor and indoor-to-indoor distributed (cooperative) radio channel, using experimental data in the 2.4-GHz band. In addition to the well-known physical effects of path loss, shadowing, and fading, we include several new aspects in our model that are specific to multiuser distributed channels: 1) correlated shadowing between different point-to-point links, which has a strong impact on cooperative system performance; 2) different types of indoor node mobility with respect to the transmitter and/or receiver nodes, implying a distinction between static and dynamic shadowing motivated by the measurement data; and 3) a small-scale fading distribution that captures more severe fading than that given by the Rayleigh distribution.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 5 )