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A new scleral search coil (SSC) tracking approach employing a planar transmitter has been developed theoretically and tested experimentally. A thin and flat transmitter is much more convenient in installation, operation, and maintenance than the conventional large cubic one. A planar transmitter also increases the mobility of SSC systems, simplifies their accommodation in a limited clinical space, enables bedside testing, and causes no visual distractions and no discomfort to the users. Moreover, it allows tracking not only the SSC orientation, but also its location, which is very important for many medical and scientific applications. The suggested approach provides the speed and precision that are required in SSC applications. The experimental results show that it can be used for the diagnosis of vestibular disorders. The tracking precision is in good agreement with its theoretical estimation.