Skip to Main Content
We propose a novel optical 90?? hybrid consisting of a paired-interference based 2 ?? 4 multimode interference (MMI) coupler, a phase shifter and a 2 ?? 2 MMI coupler. We theoretically clarified that the proposed device shows superior performances to a conventional 4 ?? 4 multimode interference coupler from the viewpoint of a wavelength sensitive loss and an operating bandwidth. We fabricated the proposed 90?? hybrid using a deep-ridge waveguide with a GalnAsP/InP material system, and experimentally demonstrated quadrature phase response with a low interchannel imbalance, a high common-mode rejection ratio (> 20 dB) and a low phase deviation (< 5??) over 94-nm-wide spectral range.
Date of Publication: May1, 2010