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Scaling Laws for Overlaid Wireless Networks: A Cognitive Radio Network versus a Primary Network

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3 Author(s)
Changchuan Yin ; Key Laboratory of Universal Wireless Communications, Ministry of Education, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Texas A&M University, Beijing, ChinaTX, USA ; Long Gao ; Shuguang Cui

We study the scaling laws for the throughputs and delays of two coexisting wireless networks that operate in the same geographic region. The primary network consists of Poisson distributed legacy users of density n , and the secondary network consists of Poisson distributed cognitive users of density m, with m > n. The primary users have a higher priority to access the spectrum without particular considerations for the secondary users, while the secondary users have to act conservatively in order to limit the interference to the primary users. With a practical assumption that the secondary users only know the locations of the primary transmitters (not the primary receivers), we first show that both networks can achieve the same throughput scaling law as what Gupta and Kumar (IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 388-404, Mar. 2000) established for a standalone wireless network if proper transmission schemes are deployed, where a certain throughput is achievable for each individual secondary user (i.e., zero outage) with high probability. By using a fluid model, we also show that both networks can achieve the same delay-throughput tradeoff as the optimal one established by El Gamal (IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 2568-2592, Jun. 2006) for a standalone wireless network.

Published in:

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 4 )