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FPGA implementation of phase shedding with time-optimal controller in multi-phase buck converters

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3 Author(s)
A. Costabeber ; Dept. of Information Engineering - University of Padova, Italy ; P. Mattavelli ; S. Saggini

This paper proposes a time-optimal digital controller for the phase-shedding in multi-phase buck converters. Phase shedding is an established technique to improve the efficiency of multi-phase converters at light load, by changing the active number of phases depending on the load current level. In order to minimize the output voltage deviation due to phase shedding and the transient time required to recover the nominal operating conditions, a minimum time algorithm is investigated. The proposed technique is insensitive to the power stage parameters, as its operation relies only on the steady-state duty-cycle and the number of phases to be turned-on or turned-off. The minimum response time is achieved through a feedforward action undertaken as soon as the phase shedding command is received. The proposed approach is validated through experimental tests on a synchronous buck converter prototype. For the purpose of rapid-prototyping, the proposed digital controller is implemented in FPGA.

Published in:

Industrial Electronics, 2009. IECON '09. 35th Annual Conference of IEEE

Date of Conference:

3-5 Nov. 2009