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Estimating optical flow in segmented images using variable-order parametric models with local deformations

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2 Author(s)
Black, M.J. ; Xerox Palo Alto Res. Center, CA, USA ; Jepson, A.D.

This paper presents a new model for estimating optical flow based on the motion of planar regions plus local deformations. The approach exploits brightness information to organize and constrain the interpretation of the motion by using segmented regions of piecewise smooth brightness to hypothesize planar regions in the scene. Parametric flow models are estimated in these regions in a two step process which first computes a coarse fit and then estimates the appropriate parametrization of the motion of the region. The initial fit is refined using a generalization of the standard area-based regression approaches. Since the assumption of planarity is likely to be violated, we allow local deformations from the planar assumption in the same spirit as physically-based approaches which model shape using coarse parametric models plus local deformations. This parametric plus deformation model exploits the strong constraints of parametric approaches while retaining the adaptive nature of regularization approaches. Experimental results on a variety of images model produces accurate flow estimates while the incorporation of brightness segmentation boundaries

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 10 )