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Most consumer digital cameras capture color information with a single light sensor and a color filter array (CFA). In these cameras, only one color sample (red, green or blue) is captured at each pixel location. This paper presents a modified H.264 intra prediction scheme for compressing image and video data captured with a color filter array. The H.264 intra prediction modes are modified for the green channel to account for the fact that the green data is not sampled in a rectangular manner in the Bayer pattern, the most popular CFA design. The proposed method increases the compression efficiency of I frames on the green channel by up to 1.2 dB.
Date of Conference: 7-10 Nov. 2009