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Combined head and eye tracking system for dynamic testing of the vestibular system

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3 Author(s)
R. S. Allison ; Center for Vision Res., York Univ., UK ; M. Eizenman ; B. S. K. Cheung

The authors present a combined head-eye tracking system suitable for use with free head movement during natural activities. This system provides an integrated head and eye position measurement while allowing for a large range of head movement (approx 1.8 m of head translation is tolerated). Six degrees of freedom of head motion and two degrees of freedom of eye motion are measured by the system. The system was designed to be useful for the evaluation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). The VOR generates compensatory eye movements in order to stabilize gaze during linear or rotational motion of the head. Current clinical and basic research evaluation of the VOR has used a restricted range of head motion, mainly low-frequency, yaw rotation. An integrated eye-head tracking system such as the one presented here allows the VOR response to linear and angular head motion to be studied in a more physiologically relevant manner. Two examples of the utility of the integrated head and eye tracking system in evaluating the vestibular response to linear and angular motion are presented.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 11 )