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Thermally tunable integrated optical ring resonator with poly-Si thermistor

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4 Author(s)
Heimala, P. ; VTT Electron., Finland ; Katila, P. ; Aarnio, J. ; Heinamaki, A.

Doped polysilicon is applied as a thermo-optic heating element to temperature tune the ring resonator based on silicon nitride rib waveguides on silicon. The ring diameter is 2 mm allowing a large free spectral range of 26 GHz. For the first time, a poly-Si resistor is used as a thermistor to measure waveguide temperature. The temperature coefficient of the poly-Si thermistor is 9.5×10-4/°C. The reproducibility of the temperature measurement is 0.3°C. The finesse of the ring resonator is 77. The propagation loss of silicon nitride rib waveguide is 0.5 dB/cm at the wavelength of 1.312 μm. The temperature tuning of the ring resonator and the in situ supervision of the temperature on chip based on the same poly-Si fabrication process may find use especially in optical sensor applications

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 10 )