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Re-inforced stealth breakpoints

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1 Author(s)
Vasudevan, A. ; CyLab, Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA

This paper extends VAMPiRE, a stealth breakpoint framework specifically tailored for microscopic malware analysis. Stealth breakpoints are designed to provide unlimited number of code, data and I/O breakpoints that cannot be detected or countered. However, in this paper we present several attacks that can be used to detect and counter VAMPiRE. We then present a solution towards preventing such attacks in the form of a new breakpoint framework named Galanus. Galanus also adds support for legacy I/O breakpoints in kernel-mode, an important feature required to analyze keyloggers, BIOS flashers, CMOS updaters and rootkits. We also evaluate Galanus, comparing it to VAMPiRE in the context of a few real-world malware.

Published in:

Risks and Security of Internet and Systems (CRiSIS), 2009 Fourth International Conference on

Date of Conference:

19-22 Oct. 2009

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