By Topic

Influence of chlorine doping on the optical & electrical properties of CdS thin films

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Mulla, A.F. ; Dept. of Phys. & Astron., King Saud Univ., Riyadh, Saudi Arabia ; Al-Shammari, A.S. ; Elnaggar, A.M. ; Al-Ayashi, W.M.
more authors

A mixture of CdS and CdCl2 powders with different CdCl2 weight percentage was used to prepare chlorine doped CdS thin films onto glass substrates using HVE (High Vacuum Evaporation) technique with 1000 A¿ thickness. The influence of chlorine doping on the optical parameters of CdS:Cl films was studied using spectrophotometric measurements of the film transmittance in the wavelength range 200-1100 nm. All the chlorine doped films have sharp fall at the band edge, which is an indication of good crystallinity of the films, and exhibit high optical transmittance (70-90%) in the range of wavelengths above the absorption edge. It was found that as the CdCl2 concentration increased the optical energy gap also increased while the refractive index decreased up to 0.10 concentration then stabilized for 0.15 and 0.20 concentrations. It is observed that as the CdCl2 concentration is increased, the resistivity of the films decreased. The carrier concentration increases with the increase in CdCl2 concentration which indicates that the chlorine impurity atoms serve as strong donor impurities. A rapid incremental behavior of mobility can be seen with increasing CdCl2 concentration. This behavior begins to slow down as the doping concentration increases. AFM studies reveal the growth of nano crystalline film structure for pure CdS film as well as the film doped with 0.05 wt% CdCl2 concentration. These significant results certainly encourage tailoring the CdS films with chlorine doping suitable as window materials required for heterojunction solar cells.

Published in:

Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2009 34th IEEE

Date of Conference:

7-12 June 2009