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High indium composition (≫20%) InGaN epi-layers on ZnO substrates for very high efficiency solar cells

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9 Author(s)
Melton, A. ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; Jampana, B. ; Li, N. ; Jamil, M.
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In this report we present recent results for MOCVD growth of high indium content InGaN films on ZnO substrates. Growth was attempted on both bulk ZnO as well as ZnO epilayers grown on sapphire by MOCVD. ZnO is an attractive alternative substrate for III-Nitrides because of its superior lattice match: specifically ZnO is perfectly matched with In0.18Ga0.82N and low cost of substrates. Stable InGaN films with >18% indium were achieved on the bulk substrates and were characterized by HRXRD, PL, and optical transmission. Varying the growth parameters - primarily growth temperature and In/(In + Ga) flow ratio - was found to affect the optical and structural properties of the films. By growing on a better matched substrate the high indium composition InGaN epitaxial films experience less strain and can therefore be grown thicker without creating relaxation-induced extended crystal defects. This is important, as high indium content InGaN films cannot be grown on GaN thick enough for full above-bandgap absorption without introducing detrimental extended crystal defects. This limitation is thought to be a limiting factor in the achievable ISC in InGaN solar cells.

Published in:

Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2009 34th IEEE

Date of Conference:

7-12 June 2009