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International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard 61850 proposes the Ethernet-based communication networks for protection and automation within the power substation. Major manufacturers are currently developing products for the process bus in compliance with IEC 61850 part 9-2. For the successful implementation of the IEC 61850-9-2 process bus, it is important to analyze the performance of time-critical messages for the substation protection and control functions. This paper presents the performance evaluation of the IEC 61850-9-2 process bus for a typical 345 kV/230 kV substation by studying the time-critical sampled value messages delay and loss by using the OPNET simulation tool in the first part of this paper. In the second part, this paper presents a corrective measure to address the issues with the several sampled value messages lost and/or delayed by proposing the sampled value estimation algorithm for any digital substation relaying. Finally, the proposed sampled value estimation algorithm has been examined for various power system scenarios with the help of PSCAD/EMTDC and MATLAB simulation tools.