Skip to Main Content
This paper investigates the behavior of power transformers under the occurrence of permanent or intermittent winding insulation faults. For the study of these phenomena, a simple and efficient permeance-based electromagnetic transformer model is proposed, which is based on the simultaneous consideration of magnetic and electric equivalent circuits. To incorporate the internal faults in this model, a suitable equivalent circuit of the faulty winding is described. With the aid of this transformer model, the onload exciting current Park's Vector Approach will be applied for diagnosing the occurrence of permanent and intermittent winding faults. Experimental and simulation tests results are presented in this paper, which demonstrate not only the adequacy of the digital transformer model for winding fault studies, but also the effectiveness of the proposed technique for detecting winding interturn insulation faults in operating three-phase transformers.