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This paper is concerned with development of novel fault detection and isolation (FDI) strategies for the Markovian jump linear systems (MJLS's) and the MJLS's with time-delays (MJLSD's). First a geometric property that is related to the unobservable subspace of MJLS's is presented. The notion of a finite unobservable subspace is then introduced for the MJLSD's. The concept of unobservability subspace is introduced for both the MJLS's and the MJLSD's and an algorithm for its construction is described. The necessary and sufficient conditions for solvability of the fundamental problem of residual generation (FPRG) for the MJLS's are developed by utilizing our introduced unobservability subspace. Furthermore, sufficient solvability conditions of the FPRG for the MJLSD's are also derived. Finally, sufficient conditions for designing an H∞-based FDI algorithm for the MJLS's with an unknown transition matrix that are also subject to input and output disturbances are developed.