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Tagline detection and indexing are challenging tasks due to complicated anatomical properties and imaging noise. In this paper, we will address the following two important issues in tagline detection: 1) an automatic method independent from imaging approaches with improved robustness and accuracy and 2) tagline indexing that matches taglines in task and reference images for postprocessing. Our method consists of two steps: First, a wavelet decomposition is performed on a tagged magnetic resonance (tMR) image. Subband correlation is used to dampen anatomical boundaries but enhance taglines. A tagline map is created by segmenting a reconstructed image using pseudowavelet reconstruction. Next, tagline pixels are grouped into clusters and isolated small line segments are eliminated. A snake method is then used to index and recover broken taglines. Our method has been validated with 320 tMR tongue images. Measurement of tagline accuracy was performed by computing tag pixel displacement. Without assumptions on tagline models, it detects taglines automatically. Comparison studies were conducted against the harmonic phase method. Our experiments resulted in a p-value of 1E-6 with one-way ANOVA, which indicates a significant improvement in accuracy and robustness.