By Topic

Fast Localization Using Robust UWB Coding in Wireless Sensor Networks

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Di Wu ; Donald Bren Sch. of ICS, Univ. of California, Irvine, CA, USA ; Lichun Bao ; Renfa Li ; Zeng Fanzi

Localization has many important applications in wireless sensor networks. A variety of wireless technologies, such as acoustic, infrared, and ultra-wide band (UWB) media have been applied for localization purposes. This paper consists of two parts. The first part presents new UWB-based communication protocols for received signal strength (RSS) information collection, namely, a robust UWB coding method called U-BOTH (UWB based on Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor and Time Hopping), an ALOHA-type channel access method and a message exchange protocol to collect location information. The second part presents the localization algorithm, which is applied in coal mine environments. The localization algorithm first derives the corresponding UWB path loss model, then applies the maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) method to compute the distances to the reference sensors using the RSS information, and to estimate the coordinate of the moving sensor using least squares (LS) method. The performance of the system is validated using theoretic analysis and simulations. Results show that U-BOTH transmission technique can effectively reduce the bit error rate under the path loss model, and the corresponding ranging and localization algorithms can accurately compute object locations in coal mine environments.

Published in:

Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Networks, 2009. MSN '09. 5th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

14-16 Dec. 2009