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Ultracompact TM-Pass Silicon Nanophotonic Waveguide Polarizer and Design

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2 Author(s)
Qian Wang ; Agency for Sci., Data Storage Inst., Singapore, Singapore ; Seng-Tiong Ho

An ultracompact transverse magnetic (TM)-pass polarizer based on silicon nanophotonic waveguides is proposed, which contains two tapered waveguides sandwiching a narrow waveguide section only supporting TM-mode propagation. A full-vectorial eigenmode solver is employed to determine the appropriate cross section of the silicon nanophotonic waveguide. The device is first designed in a 2-D approximate model using a wide-angle beam propagation method, and numerical verification is carried out afterward using a parallel full-vectorial 3-D finite-difference time-domain simulation. Both approaches indicate that the finite thickness of the buried SiO2 layerand the reflection at the substrate play important roles on the extinction ratio of the device. A designed numerical example shows an extinction ratio of ~26 dB for the waveguide polarizer with a length of ~10 ??m, while the insertion loss for the TM mode is negligible.

Published in:

Photonics Journal, IEEE  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 1 )