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Prognosis—A Wearable Health-Monitoring System for People at Risk: Methodology and Modeling

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2 Author(s)
Alexandros Pantelopoulos ; Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Assistive Technologies Research Center, Wright State University, Dayton, USA ; Nikolaos G. Bourbakis

Wearable health-monitoring systems (WHMSs) represent the new generation of healthcare by providing real-time unobtrusive monitoring of patients' physiological parameters through the deployment of several on-body and even intrabody biosensors. Although several technological issues regarding WHMS still need to be resolved in order to become more applicable in real-life scenarios, it is expected that continuous ambulatory monitoring of vital signs will enable proactive personal health management and better treatment of patients suffering from chronic diseases, of the elderly population, and of emergency situations. In this paper, we present a physiological data fusion model for multisensor WHMS called Prognosis. The proposed methodology is based on a fuzzy regular language for the generation of the prognoses of the health conditions of the patient, whereby the current state of the corresponding fuzzy finite-state machine signifies the current estimated health state and context of the patient. The operation of the proposed scheme is explained via detailed examples in hypothetical scenarios. Finally, a stochastic Petri net model of the human-device interaction is presented, which illustrates how additional health status feedback can be obtained from the WHMS' user.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 3 )