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In 3-D inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) imaging of spinning space debris, the image obtained via the available algorithm is modified by a scaling factor. Determined by the angle between the spinning vector and the radar line of sight, this factor cannot be estimated by a monostatic radar in a short imaging interval. This letter derives the bistatic ISAR (Bi-ISAR) geometry and signal model for 3-D imaging of space debris. Then, a 3-D image scaling algorithm is introduced based on the connections between the mono- and bistatic echoes of the same scatterer. Numeric simulations have proved the validity of the proposed algorithm.
Date of Publication: July 2010