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Low Thermal Budget Monolithic Integration of Evanescent-Coupled Ge-on-SOI Photodetector on Si CMOS Platform

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7 Author(s)
Kah-Wee Ang ; Inst. of Microelectron., Agency for Sci., Technol. & Res., Singapore, Singapore ; Tsung-Yang Liow ; Ming-Bin Yu ; Qing Fang
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The design and fabrication of a monolithically integrated evanescent-coupled Ge-on-silicon-on-insulator (SOI) photodetector and CMOS circuits were realized on common SOI platform using an ??electronic-first and photonic-last?? integration approach. High-performance detector with an integrated Si waveguide was demonstrated on epitaxial Ge-absorbing layer selectively grown on an ultrathin SOI substrate. Performance metrics of photodetector designs featuring vertical and lateral PIN configurations were investigated. When operated at a bias of -1.0 V, a vertical PIN detector achieved a lower I dark of ~ 0.57 ??A as compared to a lateral PIN detector, a value that is below the typical ~ 1 ??A upper limit acceptable for high-speed-receiver design. Very high responsivity of ~ 0.92 A/W was obtained in both detector designs for a wavelength of 1550 nm, which corresponds to a quantum efficiency of ~ 73%. Impulse response measurements showed that the vertical PIN detector gives rise to a smaller full-width at half-maximum of ~ 24.4 ps over a lateral PIN detector, which corresponds to a -3 dB bandwidth of ~ 11.3 GHz. RC time delay is shown to be the dominant factor limiting the speed performance. Eye patterns (pseudorandom binary sequence 27-1) measurement further confirms the achievement of high-speed and low-noise photodetection at a bit rate of 8.5 Gb/s. Excellent transfer and output characteristics have also been achieved by the integrated CMOS inverter circuits in addition to the well-behaved logic functions. The introduction of an additional thermal budget (800??C) arising from the Ge epitaxy growth has no observable detrimental impact on the short-channel control of the CMOS inverter circuit. In addition, we describe the issues associated with monolithic integration and discuss the potential of Ge-detector/Si CMOS receiver for future optical communication applications.

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 1 )