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Two PIFA array antennas, designed for UHF band RFID tags mountable on metallic objects, are presented in this paper. The proposed array antennas are fabricated on a very thin substrate with a thickness of 0.8 mm. The first array that has shorting pins placed at the outer edges of PIFAs is fed by two quarter-wavelength microstrip lines. This array has a simple feeding structure, which is its main advantage. Meanwhile, the second array has shorting pins located at the inner edges of PIFAs, and incorporating additional matching stubs into the quarter-wavelength microstrip lines is needed to achieve complex impedance matching, which can offer a broad bandwidth. By properly selecting the spacing between the PIFAs, an enhanced antenna gain and a good reading-range performance can be obtained for both array antennas. In addition, the two array antennas proposed are studied mounted on differently sized metallic plates. It is found that there is a negligible influence of the metal-plate size on the reading range is found for the second array antenna, which is superior to the first one.
Date of Publication: April 2010