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A wavelet based Teager energy operator for spike detection in microelectrode array recordings

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2 Author(s)
Nabar, N. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Indian Inst. of Sci., Bangalore, India ; Rajgopal, K.

Spike detection in neural recordings is the initial step in the creation of brain machine interfaces. The Teager energy operator (TEO) treats a spike as an increase in the `local' energy and detects this increase. The performance of TEO in detecting action potential spikes suffers due to its sensitivity to the frequency of spikes in the presence of noise which is present in microelectrode array (MEA) recordings. The multiresolution TEO (mTEO) method overcomes this shortcoming of the TEO by tuning the parameter k to an optimal value m so as to match to frequency of the spike. In this paper, we present an algorithm for the mTEO using the multiresolution structure of wavelets along with inbuilt lowpass filtering of the subband signals. The algorithm is efficient and can be implemented for real-time processing of neural signals for spike detection. The performance of the algorithm is tested on a simulated neural signal with 10 spike templates obtained from [14]. The background noise is modeled as a colored Gaussian random process. Using the noise standard deviation and autocorrelation functions obtained from recorded data, background noise was simulated by an autoregressive (AR(5)) filter. The simulations show a spike detection accuracy of 90% and above with less than 5% false positives at an SNR of 2.35 dB as compared to 80% accuracy and 10% false positives reported on simulated neural signals.

Published in:

TENCON 2009 - 2009 IEEE Region 10 Conference

Date of Conference:

23-26 Jan. 2009