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Torque and unbalanced magnetic force in a rotational unsymmetric brushless DC motors

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4 Author(s)
G. H. Jang ; Hanyang Univ., Seoul, South Korea ; J. W. Yoon ; N. Y. Park ; S. M. Jang

The pole-teeth-winding configuration in brushless dc motors determines torque and unbalanced magnetic force which are the resultants of the tangential and the normal magnetic force in a small air gap, respectively. This paper calculated torque and unbalanced magnetic force using FEM, Maxwell stress tensor to investigate the influence of pole-teeth-winding patterns on the performance from two common designs, i.e. the rotational symmetric 12-pole 9-tooth (12P9S) motor and the rotational unsymmetric 8-pole 9-tooth (8P9S) motor, and proposed the rotational unsymmetric 10-pole 9-tooth (10P9S) motor which achieves the high average torque of 12P9S motor and the low cogging torque of 8P9S at the same time. The analyses show that 8P9S and 10P9S motor tend to have less cogging torque because their bigger values of the least common multiple of pole and teeth reduce the cogging torque. The torque efficiency depends on pole-teeth-winding configuration. ABC-winding of 12P9S motor and three consecutive teeth winding of 10P9S motor utilize all six energized coil effectively to produce the high average torque. The normal magnetic force in a rotational unsymmetric design is not balanced and results in unbalanced magnetic force

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 5 )