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Swarm robotics is a new approach to the coordination of multi-robot systems which consist of large numbers of relatively simple robots which takes its inspiration from social insects. The most remarkable characteristic of swarm robots are the ability to work cooperatively to achieve a common goal. In this paper, classification of existing researches, problems and algorithms aroused in the study of swarm robotics are presented. The existing studies are classified into major areas and relevant sub-categories in the major areas.