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The performance and iron losses of an axial flux permanent-magnet synchronous machine (AFPMSM) using nonoriented (NO) steel are compared with the performance and iron losses of an AFPMSM using grain-oriented (GO) material. The machine is modeled by several 2-D finite element models in circumferential direction, at different radii. The material model for the GO material is an anhysteretic anisotropic model based on the magnetic energy. The magnetic energy is computed by using several measured quasi-static BH-loops on an Epstein frame in seven directions starting from the rolling direction to the transverse direction. The losses are calculated a posteriori, based on the principles of loss separation and dynamic loop measurements. A loss model was made for each of the seven directions, assuming unidirectional fields. In comparison with the more usual NO material, both the saturation induction and the torque are higher with GO material. The magnetic field in the GO material is lower than for NO material in the major part of the iron, but higher in the tooth tips where the field is not in the rolling direction. The stator iron losses are about 7 times lower for the considered GO compared to the NO material.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2010