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An exact electrical analogue is given for the thermal system between the collector junction and the constant-temperature environment of a transistor. For this circuit analogue, the voltage response to an applied current is equivalent to the temperature response of the collector junction to an applied-power dissipation. The objective of this paper is (1) to prove that this thermal equivalent circuit is entirely consistent with the rigorous, academic approach to the problem, which is to solve a boundary-value problem for heat flow in the transistor system; (2) to present an experimental method for obtaining the circuit parameters in the thermal equivalent circuit; and (3) to demonstrate the utility of the thermal equivalent circuit for the circuit designer and the transistor designer.
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