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Miniaturization of electronics and its limits

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1 Author(s)
Keyes, R. W. ; IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, P.O. Box 218, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598, USA

The long-continued advance of the performance of information processing technologies has been based on miniaturization of components. The history of miniaturization is presented through examples. They suggest that limits proposed by Landauer in the 1960s will be reached in two or three decades.

Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.  

Published in:

IBM Journal of Research and Development  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 1988

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