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Critical temperature and the Ginzburg-Landau theory of layered high-temperature superconductors

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1 Author(s)
Schneider, T. ; IBM Research Division, Zurich Research Laboratory, Säumerstrasse 4, 8803 Rüschlikon, Switzerland

Using the mean-field approximation, we study a model for quasi-two-dimensional superconductors. The interlayer coupling, assumed to be mediated by a small electron-hopping term, is found to leave Tc practically unaffected. Thus, a three-dimensional pairing mechanism is required to explain the observed rise in Tc with decreasing average layer spacing in the Bi and Tl compounds. Taking the inhomogeneities of intrinsic or extrinsic nature into account, we find, in the dirty limit, corrections to the conventional anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau behavior—an upward curvature of the upper critical fields which appears to be a universal feature of layered superconductors.

Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.  

Published in:

IBM Journal of Research and Development  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 3 )