Skip to Main Content
This paper addresses some of the problems encountered in propagating high-speed signals on lossy transmission lines encountered in high-performance computers. A technique is described for including frequency-dependent losses, such as skin effect and dielectric dispersion, in transmission line analyses. The disjoint group of available tools is brought together, and their relevance to the propagation of high-speed pulses in digital circuit applications is explained. Guidelines are given for different interconnection technologies to indicate where the onset of severe dispersion takes place. Experimental structures have been built and tested, and this paper reports on their electrical performance and demonstrates the agreement between measured data and waveforms derived from analysis. The paper addresses the problems found on lossy lines, such as reflections, rise-time slowdown, increased delay, attenuation, and crosstalk, and suggests methods for controlling these effects in order to maintain distortion-free propagation of high-speed signals.
Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.