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In an effort to fully exploit CMOS performance, custom design techniques are used extensively in commercial microprocessor design. However, given the complexity of current-generation processors and the necessity for manual designer intervention throughout the design process, proving design correctness is a major concern. In this paper we discuss Verity, a formal verification program for symbolically proving the equivalence between a high-level design specification and MOS transistor-level implementation. Verity applies efficient logic comparison techniques which implicitly exercise the behavior for all possible input patterns. For a given register-transfer level (RTL) system model, which is commonly used in present-day methodologies, Verity validates the transistor implementation with respect to functional simulation and verification performed at the RTL level.
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